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Memories of Assam Incrediblenortheastindia
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Assam memories encapsulate the essence of this enchanting northeastern state of India. They evoke images of lush tea gardens, the mighty Brahmaputra River, vibrant cultural festivals, and warm hospitality. From savoring the aroma of Assam tea to experiencing the traditional Bihu dance, the memories of Assam are a blend of natural beauty, cultural richness, and unforgettable experiences. Whether it's exploring the wildlife reserves, indulging in mouthwatering Assamese cuisine, or immersing in the tranquility of the Kaziranga National Park, Assam memories are a tapestry of captivating moments that leave a lasting impression.

Culture dance of Assam Incrediblenortheastindia


  • Assam, located in northeastern India, has a rich and ancient history that spans several millennia. The history of Assam can be traced back to the prehistoric times, with evidence of human habitation dating as far back as the Stone Age. Here is a brief overview of the ancient history of Assam:

  • Prehistoric Period: The earliest known human settlements in Assam can be traced back to the Paleolithic and Mesolithic ages. Archaeological excavations have revealed stone tools, cave paintings, and megalithic structures, indicating early human presence in the region.

  • Ancient Kingdoms: Assam was ruled by several dynasties and kingdoms in ancient times. The earliest known kingdom was the Kamarupa Kingdom, which emerged in the 4th century CE. The Kamarupa Kingdom played a crucial role in the spread of Hinduism and Buddhism in the region. Notable rulers of the Kamarupa Kingdom include Bhaskar Varman and Kumar Bhaskar Varman.

First motor service in Assam Incrediblenortheastindia
  • Ahom Dynasty: One of the most significant periods in Assam's history is the reign of the Ahom dynasty. The Ahoms, of Tai-Ahom origin, established their rule in the 13th century and went on to govern Assam for nearly six centuries. The Ahom rulers were known for their military prowess, administrative reforms, and patronage of art, literature, and architecture.

  • Cultural Influences: Assam's history saw the influence of various cultures and religions. Hinduism, Buddhism, and later Islam had an impact on the region. The Vaishnavite saint Srimanta Sankardeva played a crucial role in the spread of the Neo-Vaishnavite movement, which had a lasting impact on Assamese culture and society.

Assam cultural dance Incrediblenortheastindia

Assam Bihu  Festival

  • Burmese and British Rule: In the early 19th century, Assam witnessed invasions and conflicts with the Burmese kingdom. The Burmese occupation was followed by the British East India Company's arrival, leading to British rule in Assam. The British made significant contributions to the development of infrastructure, tea cultivation, and administration in the region.

  • Independence and Post-Independence Era: Assam became a part of independent India in 1947. The post-independence period witnessed social and political changes, including the struggle for autonomy, language rights, and the formation of the state of Assam as it exists today.

  • The ancient history of Assam is a tapestry of dynasties, cultural exchanges, and historical transformations. It has shaped the region's identity, language, and cultural heritage, making Assam a unique and vibrant part of India's historical narrative.

Assam Ornaments

Assam's traditional necklace is a cultural accessory known for its unique design and craftsmanship. It typically features intricate metalwork, colorful beads, and sometimes incorporates gemstones. The necklace holds cultural and aesthetic significance, symbolizing the heritage and traditions of Assam.

Assamese Ornaments

Assam's traditional necklace is a cultural accessory known for its unique design and craftsmanship. It typically features intricate metalwork, colorful beads, and sometimes incorporates gemstones. The necklace holds cultural and aesthetic significance, symbolizing the heritage and traditions of Assam.


The history of Assam ornaments is deeply intertwined with the rich cultural heritage of the state of Assam, located in northeastern India. These ornaments hold immense significance in Assamese traditions and are cherished for their intricate craftsmanship and unique designs.

Historically, Assam has been known for its abundant natural resources, including gold, silver, and various gemstones. The region's skilled artisans and goldsmiths have mastered the art of creating exquisite jewelry pieces, reflecting the cultural diversity and influences of the land.The origins of Assam ornaments can be traced back to ancient times when the Ahom dynasty ruled the region. The Ahoms, who migrated from present-day Myanmar in the 13th century, greatly influenced the jewelry-making traditions of Assam. Their expertise in metalwork and craftsmanship resulted in the creation of beautiful and ornate ornaments.

One of the most iconic Assam ornaments is the Gamkharu, a distinctive neckpiece worn by both men and women. The Gamkharu is a thick, circular necklace made of gold or silver, featuring intricate floral and geometric patterns. It is considered a symbol of prestige and is often passed down through generations.

Another significant ornament is the Jon Biri, a traditional earring worn by Assamese women. It is typically made of gold and features intricate filigree work, depicting floral motifs and Assamese cultural symbols.

Assamese jewelry also includes other pieces such as bangles, rings, and bracelets, often adorned with precious and semi-precious gemstones like rubies, emeralds, and pearls. These ornaments are crafted with meticulous attention to detail, showcasing the skill and creativity of Assamese artisans.

Over the centuries, Assam's jewelry-making traditions have evolved, blending elements from various cultures and regions. The influence of neighboring states like West Bengal, Manipur, and Nagaland can be seen in the designs and motifs of Assamese ornaments.

Today, Assam ornaments continue to be cherished and worn during special occasions like weddings, festivals, and cultural events. They not only enhance the beauty of the wearer but also serve as a testament to the rich cultural heritage of Assam. The art of jewelry-making in Assam remains a thriving craft, showcasing the talent and craftsmanship of Assamese artisans to the world.

Tradational Dress of Assam
Traditional Dress of Assam
Traditional Dress of Assam

Traditional dress of Assam :

The traditional dress of Assam, known as the Mekhela Chador, is an integral part of Assamese culture and identity. It consists of two main pieces of cloth: the Mekhela and the Chador, which are draped around the body in a graceful manner.

The history of the Mekhela Chador dates back centuries and is believed to have originated during the Ahom dynasty, which ruled Assam for several centuries. The Ahoms, who migrated from present-day Myanmar in the 13th century, greatly influenced the clothing traditions of the region.

The Mekhela Chador is typically made of silk, with intricate designs and motifs woven into the fabric. Assam is renowned for its production of high-quality silk, especially Muga silk (golden silk) and Pat silk. These silks are used to create exquisite Mekhela Chadors that are prized for their lustrous texture and durability.

The Mekhela, the lower part of the attire, is a cylindrical skirt that is worn wrapped around the waist. It consists of pleats at the waist, which are tucked in at the front, creating an elegant and flared look. The Mekhela is usually adorned with intricate floral and geometric designs, reflecting the rich artistic heritage of Assam.

The Chador, the upper part of the attire, is a long, rectangular piece of cloth that is draped over the shoulder and covers the upper body. It is worn in a way that the pleats of the Mekhela are visible on one side, while the other side falls gracefully over the shoulder. The Chador is often beautifully embellished with ornate borders and motifs, adding to the overall elegance of the ensemble.

The Mekhela Chador is worn by women of all ages in Assam, and it holds great cultural and emotional significance. It is considered the traditional attire for various occasions and festivals, including Bihu (the major festival of Assam), weddings, and religious ceremonies. The Mekhela Chador showcases the traditional craftsmanship of Assamese weavers and their mastery of intricate weaving techniques.

In recent times, the Mekhela Chador has gained popularity beyond Assam, with people appreciating its unique beauty and cultural value. It has become a symbol of Assamese identity and a cherished attire for special occasions. Efforts are being made to promote and preserve this traditional dress, ensuring its continuation for future generations.

Bihu Festival of Assam

Assam Bihu  Festival

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